Oct 20, 2014

E-Cat長期試験報告 015

9. Summary and concluding remarks

9. まとめと結語

A 32-day test was performed on a reactor termed E-Cat, capable of producing heat by exploiting an unknown reaction primed by heating and some electro-magnetic stimulation.


In the past years, the same collaboration has performed similar measurements on reactors operating in like manner, but differing both in shape and construction materials from the one studied here.


Those tests have indicated an anomalous production of heat, which prompted us to attempt a new, longer test.


The purpose of this longer measurement was to verify whether the production of heat is reproducible in a new improved test set-up, and can go on for a significant amount of time.


In order to assure that the reactor would operate for a prolonged length of time, we chose to supply power to the E-Cat in such a way as to keep it working in a stable and controlled manner.


For this reason, the performances obtained do not reflect the maximum potential of the reactor, which was not an object of study here.


Our measurement, based on calculating the power emitted by the reactor through radiation and convection, gave the following results:


the net production of the reactor after 32 days’ operation was (5825 ± 10%) [MJ],

32日間の運転後の反応装置の純生産量は、 (5825 ± 10%) [MJ]だった、

the density of thermal energy (if referred to an internal charge weighing 1 g) was (5.8 ∙ 106 ± 10%) [MJ/kg],

熱エネルギーの密度 (内部チャージの重さが1グラムとした場合)(5.8 ∙ 106 ± 10%) [MJ/kg] だった、

while the density of power was equal to (2.1 ∙ 106 ± 10%) [W/kg].

パワーの密度は  (2.1 ∙ 106 ± 10%) [W/kg] に等しかった。

These values place the E-Cat beyond any other known conventional source of energy.


Even if one conservatively repeats the same calculations with reference to the weight of the whole reactor rather than that of its internal charge,


one gets results confirming the non-conventional nature of the form of energy generated by the E-Cat,


namely (1.3 ∙ 104 ± 10%) [MJ/kg] for thermal energy density, and (4.7 ∙ 103 ± 10%) [W/kg] for power density.

すなわち、 (1.3 * 10 ^ 4 ± 10%) [MJ/kg]  ただし熱エネルギ密度において、さらに、 (4.7 * 10 ^ 3 ± 10%) [W/kg] ただしパワー密度において。

The quantity of heat emitted constantly by the reactor and the length of time during which the reactor was operating rule out, beyond any reasonable doubt, a chemical reaction as underlying its operation.


This is emphasized by the fact that we stand considerably more than two order of magnitudes from the region of the Ragone plot occupied by conventional energy sources.


The fuel generating the excessive heat was analyzed with several methods before and after the experimental run.


It was found that the Lithium and Nickel content in the fuel had the natural isotopic composition before the run,


but after the 32 days run the isotopic composition has changed dramatically both for Lithium and Nickel.


Such a change can only take place via nuclear reactions.


It is thus clear that nuclear reactions have taken place in the burning process.


This is also what can be suspected from the excessive heat being generated in the process.


Although we have good knowledge of the composition of the fuel we presently lack detailed information on the internal components of the reactor,


and of the methods by which the reaction is primed.


Since we are presently not in possession of this information, we think that any attempt to explain the E-Cat heating process would be too much hampered by the lack of this information, and thus we refrain from such discussions.


In summary, the performance of the E-Cat reactor is remarkable.


We have a device giving heat energy compatible with nuclear transformations, but it operates at low energy and gives neither nuclear radioactive waste nor emits radiation.


From basic general knowledge in nuclear physics this should not be possible.


Nevertheless we have to relate to the fact that the experimental results from our test show heat production beyond chemical burning, and that the E-Cat fuel undergoes nuclear transformations.


It is certainly most unsatisfying that these results so far have no convincing theoretical explanation, but the experimental results cannot be dismissed or ignored just because of lack of theoretical understanding.


Moreover, the E-Cat results are too conspicuous not to be followed up in detail.


In addition, if proven sustainable in further tests the E-Cat invention has a large potential to become an important energy source.


Further investigations are required to guide the interpretational work,


and one needs in particular as a first step detailed knowledge of all parameters affecting the E-Cat operation.


Our work will continue in that direction.


(訳注 30ページの終わり)



By this work the authors would like to deeply and at heart honor the late Sven Kullander, who initiated this independent test experiment.


He was a great source of inspiration and knowledge throughout the course of this work.


The authors gratefully acknowledge Andrea Rossi and Industrial Heat LLC for providing us with the E-cat reactor to perform an independent test measurement.


The authors would like to thank Prof. Ennio Bonetti (University of Bologna) and Prof. Alessandro Passi (University of Bologna [ret.]) for critical reading of the manuscript.

著者は、原稿の批判的な解釈をしてくれた、エンニオBonetti教授(ボローニャ大学)、アレッサンドロPASSI 教授(ボローニャ大学[RET。])に感謝したいと思います。

All authors of the appendices are gratefully acknowledged for their valuable contribution to this work.


This paper was partially sponsored by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, and Elforsk AB.

本論文では、部分的に、スウェーデン王立科学アカデミーとElforsk AB社がスポンサーしました。

We would also like to thank Officine Ghidoni SA for putting their laboratory at our disposal and allowing use of their AC power.

また、Officine Ghidoni SA社へ、彼らの研究所を私たちのやりたいように使わせてくれたこと及び彼らのAC電源の使用を許可してくれたことに感謝したいと思います。

Lastly, our thanks to Industrial Heat LLC (USA) for providing financial support for the measurements performed for radiation protection purposes.

最後に、私たちは、放射線防護の目的で実施された測定について財政支援を提供していただいたインダストリアル・ヒートLLC社 (米国)に感謝します。

(訳注 31ページの終わり)



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(訳注 以下文献タイトルのみ訳します)

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(訳注 32ページの終わり)